Tag Archives: Chronic

Stigma Experiences in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Introduction People who suffer from stigmatized chronic health conditions1 are often devalued and, as a result, are less likely to access and obtain medical care for their symptoms2 and more likely to experience delays in diagnosis.1 Due to its link to smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of these stigmatized chronic conditions.3,4 Because most people who develop COPD have a smoking history,5 people with COPD are generally assumed to be smokers and, therefore, experience stigmatization by others.3 This integrative review synthesizes the existing evidence that […]

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